The Rosary is a Scripture-based prayer that focuses on the lives of Christ and Mary through meditation on different mysteries. The repetition of prayers in the Rosary are meant to lead a person into restful and contemplative prayer related to each mystery.
The Five Joyful Mysteries are traditionally prayed on Mondays, Saturdays and during the season of Advent on Sundays:
“In the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a town of Galilee called Nazareth, to a virgin betrothed to a man named Joseph, of the house of David, and the virgin’s name was Mary.” — Luke 1:26-27
Fruit of the mystery: Humility
“During those days Mary set out and traveled to the hill country in haste to a town of Judah, where she entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the infant leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth, filled with the holy Spirit, cried out in a loud voice and said, ‘Most blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb.’” — Luke 1:39-42
Fruit of the mystery: Love of Neighbor
“In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that the whole world should be enrolled. This was the first enrollment, when Quirinius was governor of Syria. So all went to be enrolled, each to his own town. And Joseph too went up from Galilee from the town of Nazareth to Judea, to the city of David that is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David, to be enrolled with Mary, his betrothed, who was with child. While they were there, the time came for her to have her child, and she gave birth to her firstborn son. She wrapped him in swaddling clothes and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.” — Luke 2:1-7
Fruit of the mystery: Poverty
The Presentation in the Temple
“When eight days were completed for his circumcision, he was named Jesus, the name given him by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.
“When the days were completed for their purification according to the law of Moses, they took him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord, just as it is written in the law of the Lord, ‘Every male that opens the womb shall be consecrated to the Lord,’ and to offer the sacrifice of ‘a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons,’ in accordance with the dictate in the law of the Lord.” — Luke 2:21-24
Fruit of the mystery: Purity of Heart and Body
The Finding in the Temple
“Each year his parents went to Jerusalem for the feast of Passover, and when he was twelve years old, they went up according to festival custom. After they had completed its days, as they were returning, the boy Jesus remained behind in Jerusalem, but his parents did not know it. Thinking that he was in the caravan, they journeyed for a day and looked for him among their relatives and acquaintances, but not finding him, they returned to Jerusalem to look for him. After three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions, and all who heard him were astounded at his understanding and his answers.” — Luke 2:41-47
Fruit of the mystery: Devotion to Jesus
Source: United States Conference of Catholic Bishops