INDIANAPOLIS — Reflecting their concern that religious liberty at home and abroad remains a top priority, the U.S. bishops during their spring general assembly in Indianapolis voted to make permanent their Ad Hoc Committee for Religious Liberty.
Voting 132-53 with five abstentions June 15, the second day of the assembly, the bishops' action came less than a week before the start of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops' fifth annual Fortnight for Freedom June 21-July 4. The observance is a two-week period of prayer, advocacy and education on religious freedom.
The bishops also reiterated that their efforts are focused on "ensuring the fundamental right of medical care" for all people as the U.S. Senate worked in mid-June on a plan to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act after the U.S. House of Representatives had passed its own measure, the American Health Care Act.
The chairman of the National Review Board, which works to respond to and prevent sexual abuse by clergy and other church personnel, updated the bishops June 14 on the board's work and presented key points of the recently issued 14th annual report on diocesan compliance with the U.S. Catholic Church's "Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People."
In a related event, the bishops celebrated a liturgy in response to a call from Pope Francis to episcopal conferences around the world to observe a "Day of Prayer and Penance" for survivors of sexual abuse within the Church.
The bishops also heard reports from the chairman of the Committee on International Justice and Peace about international persecution and human rights violations; final plans for the July 1-4 "Convocation of Catholic Leaders: The Joy of the Gospel in America" in Orlando, Florida; and the progress of a working group on migrants and refugees.
Before the vote on making the Committee on Religious Liberty permanent, Baltimore Archbishop William E. Lori, committee chairman, said the need for the body stretches beyond the specific legal and public policy issues challenging religious freedom that continue to emerge.
Archbishop Lori expressed hope that the committee's work would help "plant the seeds of a movement for religious freedom, which will take years of watering and weeding in order for it to grow, to grow strong and to bear fruit."
Worldwide, Bishop Oscar Cantu of Las Cruces, New Mexico, international policy committee chairman, said in a June 15 report that religious persecution "includes both social hostilities and government restrictions."
"It finds expression in physical assaults, arrests and detentions, desecration of holy sites, and in discrimination against religious groups in employment, education, housing, the selection of a marriage partner and whether you are considered a citizen."
He said the committee respects "the approaches adopted by the local Church. Like a physician, our first duty is to do no harm. We adopt strategies that complement the work of the local Church."
The USCCB reinforced its stand that the American Health Care Act passed by the House of Representatives May 4 needs major reform — to provide quality health care for the "voiceless," especially children, the elderly, the poor, immigrants and the seriously ill.
"We find ourselves in a time marked by a deep sense of urgency and gravity," said Bishop George L. Thomas of Helena, Montana, in remarks to the assembly. "Within two weeks, we may see a federal budgetary action with potentially catastrophic effects on the lives of our people, most especially children and the elderly, the seriously ill, the immigrant and our nation's working poor."
Referring to the House bill and its plan to "eliminate $880 billion from Medicaid over the next decade," Bishop Thomas said, "If left unchallenged or unmodified, this budget will destabilize our own Catholic health care apostolates, take food from the mouths of school-aged children and the homebound, and deny already scarce medical resources to the nation's neediest in every state across the land."
His comments followed a report on health care reform by Bishop Frank J. Dewane of Venice, Florida, chairman of the USCCB's Committee on Domestic Justice and Human Development.
Bishop Dewane focused on the Senate's work to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act.
"The Catholic Church remains committed to ensuring the fundamental right to medical care, a right which is in keeping with the God-given dignity of every person," Bishop Dewane said. He told his fellow bishops that the USCCB has been in contact with members of Congress. Noting that the USCCB sent a letter to U.S. senators June 1, Bishop Dewane said, "It called on the Senate to strip away harmful promises of the AHCA or start anew with a better bill."
Migrants and refugees
Meanwhile, the bishops' working group on migrants and refugees was set to complete its work by the spring assembly, but Cardinal Daniel N. DiNardo of Galveston-Houston, USCCB president, announced June 15 he was extending the group "recognizing the continued urgency" so many migration and refugee issues present.
Archbishop Jose H. Gomez of Los Angeles, USCCB vice president and the group's chairman, and Bishop Joe S. Vasquez of Austin, Texas, chairman of the USCCB Committee on Migration, outlined the working group's origins, activities and next steps on issues.
The spiritual life of young people also was discussed during the opening day of the assembly.
Cardinal Joseph W. Tobin of Newark, New Jersey, and Archbishop Charles J. Chaput of Philadelphia opened the discussion with a presentation on the consultations and questions for the bishops to consider in preparing for the October 2018 Synod of Bishops on youth and vocations.
"The synod indeed comes at a critical time," Cardinal Tobin said. "We know that there are both challenges and opportunities here in the U.S. The increased amount of disconnected millennials is certainly a concern for us, as is the decline and the delay of marriage among young people. Still there are various positive signs to build upon."
Those signs, he said, include "the high interest among millennials during the liturgical seasons of Advent and Lent" and "the continued importance in our ministries and outreach to young people which have a positive effect on vocational discernment."
"The Church in the U.S. is poised to engage this conversation for and with young people," he added.
Francesco Cesareo, chairman of the National Review Board, urged the bishops June 14 to continue their commitment to stopping clergy sexual abuse and supporting victims of abuse "at the forefront" of their ministry.
He said sexual abuse of minors by clergy is "not a thing of past" and stressed the bishops have to always be vigilant and be sure to not "let complacency set in" in their efforts to stop it.
At a Mass as part of a "Day of Prayer and Penance" June 14 at Sts. Peter and Paul Cathedral some 200 bishops heard Atlanta Archbishop Wilton D. Gregory say in the homily that "we can never say that we are sorry enough for the share that we have had in this tragedy of broken fidelity and trust" in the clergy sexual abuse crisis in the Catholic Church.
Cardinal DiNardo, the principal celebrant, spoke about the pope's call at the liturgy's start.
"In solidarity with our brother bishops around the world, we acknowledge the sins that have occurred and ask forgiveness from and healing of those who have suffered abuse at the hands of those who should have been protecting and caring for them," he said.
At the end of the Mass, the bishops, in a sign of penance, knelt while praying a prayer of healing and forgiveness for the victims of sexual abuse in the church.
The bishops were reminded June 15 that the historic Convocation of Catholic Leaders was nearing by Bishop Richard J. Malone of Buffalo, New York, chairman of the bishops' Committee on Laity, Marriage, Family Life and Youth. He noted that it will be the largest gathering sponsored by U.S. bishops and will be a time to show the unity of the Church.
The convocation, an invitation-only event, is meant to give the 3,000 participants expected to attend a better understanding of what it means to be missionary disciples in today's world through workshop presentations, keynote addresses and prayer.
In his address to the assembly Archbishop Christophe Pierre, apostolic nuncio to the U.S., called the bishops to be missionary disciples through listening and fostering solidarity and a culture of encounter. He encouraged the bishops to view current challenges as "a time of grace."
"Take courage," he said, when the "tasks of the new evangelization and of building a culture of encounter and solidarity seem daunting."
He reminded the bishops of Pope Francis' call to "go forth from our own comfort zone in order to reach all the peripheries in need of the light of the Gospel" and noted that many of them will be discussing this more at the convocation of Catholic leaders in Orlando, in July.
Worship and liturgy
The USCCB overwhelmingly approved revisions to the guidelines governing the celebration of sacraments for people with disabilities that take into account medical and technological developments. Passed 180-1 June 14, the revisions in the "Guidelines for the Celebration of Sacraments with Persons with Disabilities" updates a document that was adopted in 1995.
The guidelines were developed as a tool to improve access to the sacraments by persons with disabilities and reduce inconsistencies in pastoral practice.
In other votes, the bishops approved a new translation of the "Order of Blessing the Oil of Catechumens and of the Sick and of Consecrating the Chrism," 178-3. The ritual is used each year at diocesan chrism Masses. It will be sent to the Vatican's Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacraments for its "recognitio," or final approval.
However, the bishops' approval of a collection of blessings in Spanish for use in the U.S. that complement English texts included in the "Book of Blessings" fell one vote short of reaching the threshold necessary to send it to the Vatican congregation for the recognitio.
The vote on the "Bendicional: Sexta Parte" (Part VI) was 171-2, with two abstentions. Voting will be completed by mail ballot with the Latin-rite bishops who did not attending the assembly.
Sean Gallagher, Natalie Hoefer and John Shaughnessy contributed to this story.
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